Aug 1, 1985

Cardiac sympathetic nerve activity and progressive vasoconstriction distal to coronary stenoses: feed-back aggravation of myocardial ischemia

Journal of the Autonomic Nervous System
Gerd HeuschV Thämer

Abstract

This study tested the hypothesis that the relative ischemia distal to a severe coronary stenosis increases the activity of cardiac sympathetic nerves which in turn results in poststenotic vasoconstriction and an aggravation of ischemia. An acute severe stenosis which reduced coronary blood flow to 50% of control was produced in 23 anesthetized, vagotomized dogs and maintained for 20 min. The activity of postganglionic cardiac sympathetic nerves increased by 23 +/- 4% within 20 min. In parallel, poststenotic coronary resistance increased from 0.48 +/- 0.03 to 0.61 +/- 0.03 mm Hg X min X 100 g/ml resulting in a net lactate production after 15 min. Pretreatment with aspirin (6 mg/kg i.v.; n = 5) was without any influence on these reactions. The selective alpha 2-adrenoceptor antagonist rauwolscine (0.2 mg/kg i.v.; n = 6) and the calcium antagonist nifedipine (10 micrograms/kg i.v.; n = 6) prevented the progressive increase in poststenotic resistance and lactate production, but still permitted an increase in sympathetic activity. Segmental anesthesia of cardiac sympathetic nerves by epidural infiltration of procaine at segments C7-T6 (n = 6) prevented the sympathetic activation, the progressive increase in poststenotic resistance a...Continue Reading

Mentioned in this Paper

Coronary Circulation
Ischemia
Sympathetic Nervous System
Myocardium
Myocardial Ischemia
Feedback - System Communication
Ammonium lactate
Lactates
Pulmonary Vascular Resistance
Fenigidin

About this Paper

Trending Feeds

COVID-19

Coronaviruses encompass a large family of viruses that cause the common cold as well as more serious diseases, such as the ongoing outbreak of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19; formally known as 2019-nCoV). Coronaviruses can spread from animals to humans; symptoms include fever, cough, shortness of breath, and breathing difficulties; in more severe cases, infection can lead to death. This feed covers recent research on COVID-19.

Bone Marrow Neoplasms

Bone Marrow Neoplasms are cancers that occur in the bone marrow. Discover the latest research on Bone Marrow Neoplasms here.

IGA Glomerulonephritis

IgA glomerulonephritis is a chronic form of glomerulonephritis characterized by deposits of predominantly Iimmunoglobin A in the mesangial area. Discover the latest research on IgA glomerulonephritis here.

Cryogenic Electron Microscopy

Cryogenic electron microscopy (Cryo-EM) allows the determination of biological macromolecules and their assemblies at a near-atomic resolution. Here is the latest research.

STING Receptor Agonists

Stimulator of IFN genes (STING) are a group of transmembrane proteins that are involved in the induction of type I interferon that is important in the innate immune response. The stimulation of STING has been an active area of research in the treatment of cancer and infectious diseases. Here is the latest research on STING receptor agonists.

LRRK2 & Immunity During Infection

Mutations in the LRRK2 gene are a risk-factor for developing Parkinson’s disease. However, LRRK2 has been shown to function as a central regulator of vesicular trafficking, infection, immunity, and inflammation. Here is the latest research on the role of this kinase on immunity during infection.

Antiphospholipid Syndrome

Antiphospholipid syndrome or antiphospholipid antibody syndrome (APS or APLS), is an autoimmune, hypercoagulable state caused by the presence of antibodies directed against phospholipids.

Meningococcal Myelitis

Meningococcal myelitis is characterized by inflammation and myelin damage to the meninges and spinal cord. Discover the latest research on meningococcal myelitis here.

Alzheimer's Disease: MS4A

Variants within membrane-spanning 4-domains subfamily A (MS4A) gene cluster have recently been implicated in Alzheimer's disease by recent genome-wide association studies. Here is the latest research.