PMID: 7941658Jan 1, 1994Paper

Cardiopulmonary capacity in patients before and after prosthetic valve replacement

Zeitschrift für Kardiologie
U J WinterE R de Vivie


In this study we wanted to investigate if noninvasive cardiopulmonary exercise testing can be securely, accurately applied in patients with acquired cardiac valve disease pre- and postoperatively with any convenience. Furthermore, we looked if the cardiopulmonary exercise capacity (anaerobic threshold, etc.) was improved postoperatively (3 and 6 months) in 15 patients suffering from severe mitral valve disease as compared to the preoperative condition. The symptom-limited cardiopulmonary exercise testing was performed on a bike in a semi-supine position using a ramp program (+20 W/min). The following parameters were continuously monitored, and the breath-by-breath gas exchange values documented: cardiocirculatory parameters (heart rate; blood pressure; surface ECG; exercise capacity in Watts); gas-exchange parameters (O2-uptake VO2; CO2-production VCO2; respiratory anaerobic threshold VO2 AT; gas-exchange ratio VCO2/VO2; O2-pulse VO2/HR; aerobic capacity delta VO2/delta WR) and ventilatory parameters (respiratory rate; tidal volume Vt; minute ventilation VE; equivalent for O2: VE/VO2 and CO2: VE/VCO2). The 155 cardio-pulmonary exercise tests in 115 patients were practicable, safe (no emergency case) and accurate. In 100 patient...Continue Reading

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