PMID: 7941676Jan 1, 1994Paper

Cardiopulmonary capacity in patients with coronary heart disease

Zeitschrift für Kardiologie
U J WinterH H Hilger


Cardiopulmonary exercise testing (CPX) allows a non-invasive control of the cardiopulmonary exercise capacity. In this study, we wanted to investigate if the CPX can be securely, practicably, and accurately performed in patients with invasively documented coronary heart disease (CHD). Furthermore, we wanted to find out the clinical value of CPX in CHD diagnosis. The CPX measurements (symptom-limited; ramp program with 20 Watts increase/min; semi-supine position; continuous registration of the cardio-circulatory parameters (HR, RR, ECG), of the gas exchange parameters (O2, CO2) and of the ventilation) in 101 patients have shown that CPX is secure, accurate, and practicable. The day-to-day reproducibility is high (r > 0.8). The respiratory anaerobic threshold can be manually evaluated by means of the PET O2 criterion in 95% of the cases. The CCS-classification of angina pectoris could not accurately describe the cardiopulmonary exercise capacity as compared to the Weber-classification. The disadvantage of the Weber-classification is that it does not respect the age-, sex- and weight-dependent differences of the normal values. Our own data and results from the literature demonstrate that the anaerobic threshold, the maximum VO2 an...Continue Reading

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