PMID: 7941679Jan 1, 1994Paper

Cardiopulmonary exercise capacity before and after heart transplantation

Zeitschrift für Kardiologie
M SigmundPeter Hanrath


The aim of heart transplantation is to improve survival and exercise capacity of patients with endstage heart failure. Fifteen patients (1 female, 14 male) with a mean age of 48 years (ranging from 25-62) underwent cardiopulmonary exercise testing (CPX) before heart transplantation. 10/15 patients showed an oxygen uptake of < 4 ml/min/kg (Weber E) at the anaerobic threshold and 5/15 an oxygen uptake between 5 and 8 ml/min/kg (Weber D), so that a severe respectively very severe limitation of exercise capacity was documented before transplantation. Up to now 9/15 patients underwent heart transplantation. Cardiopulmonary exercise test could be repeated in 7 of these 9 patients, 12 up to 22 weeks following operation. Exercise capacity improved from former Weber-class E to class B in 2/5 patients, to class C in 2/5 patients, and to class D in 1/5 patient. Both patients with a preoperative class D improved to class C. Thus, in all cardiac recipients exercise capacity increased, whereas normal values were not reached. The denervation of cardiac allografts leads to a higher heart rate at rest, a delayed increase and diminished slope of exercise response and reduced heart rates at maximal effort. In 17 heart transplant recipients (3 fem...Continue Reading

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