Jun 24, 2006

Cardiopulmonary resuscitation in a rat model of chronic myocardial ischemia

Journal of Applied Physiology
Xiangshao FangMax Harry Weil

Abstract

Our group has developed a rat model of cardiac arrest and cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR). However, the current rat model uses healthy adult animals. In an effort to more closely reproduce the event of cardiac arrest and CPR in humans with chronic coronary disease, a rat model of coronary artery constriction was investigated during cardiac arrest and CPR. Left coronary artery constriction was induced surgically in anesthetized, mechanically ventilated Sprague-Dawley rats. Echocardiography was used to measure global cardiac performance before surgery and 4 wk postsurgery. Coronary constriction provoked significant decreases in ejection fraction, increases in left ventricular end-diastolic volume, and increases left ventricular end-systolic volume at 4 wk postintervention, just before induction of ventricular fibrillation (VF). After 6 min of untreated VF, CPR was initiated on three groups: 1) coronary artery constriction group, 2) sham-operated group, and 3) control group (without preceding surgery). Defibrillation was attempted after 6 min of CPR. All the animals were resuscitated. Postresuscitation myocardial function as measured by rate of left ventricular pressure increase at 40 mmHg and the rate of left ventricular pres...Continue Reading

  • References15
  • Citations11

References

Mentioned in this Paper

Ventricular Fibrillation
Salicylhydroxamic acid
Left Ventricle Remodeling
Ventricular Dysfunction, Left
Myocardial Dysfunction
Myocardium
Basic Cardiac Life Support
Myocardial Ischemia
Left Coronary Artery Structure
Entire Coronary Artery

Related Feeds

Cardiomyopathy

Cardiomyopathy is a disease of the heart muscle, that can lead to muscular or electrical dysfunction of the heart. It is often an irreversible disease that is associated with a poor prognosis. There are different causes and classifications of cardiomyopathies. Here are the latest discoveries pertaining to this disease.

Arrhythmia

Arrhythmias are abnormalities in heart rhythms, which can be either too fast or too slow. They can result from abnormalities of the initiation of an impulse or impulse conduction or a combination of both. Here is the latest research on arrhythmias.

Cardiac Remodeling

Cardiac remodeling in response to a myocardial infarction is characterized by progressive ventricular dilatation, cardiac hypertrophy, fibrosis, and deterioration of cardiac performance. Discover the latest research on Cardiac Remodeling here.