PMID: 37339Jun 1, 1979

Cardioselectivity of beta-adrenoceptor blocking agents 1. 1-[(4-Hydroxyphenethyl)amino]-3-(aryloxy)propan-2-ols

Journal of Medicinal Chemistry
W J RzeszotarskiR C Reba

Abstract

A series of 1-[(4-hydroxyphenethyl)amino]-3-(aryloxy)propan-2-ols was synthesized together with several 1-[(3,4-dimethoxyphenethyl)amino]-3-(aryloxy)propan-2-ols. Their affinity to beta 1- and beta-2-adrenoceptors was determined and compared with the affinity of known beta-blockers. We were able to confirm the substantial cardioselectivity of 1-(3,4-dimethoxyphenethyl)-3-[(4-substituted aryl)oxy]propan-2-ols when compared to those with a 1-(4-hydroxyphenethyl) group. An increase in the size of the 4 substitutent of the 3-(aryloxy) moiety to caproamido leads to a substantially higher affinity for the beta 1--adrenoceptor of rat ventricular muscle in the presence of the 3,4-dimethoxyphenethyl than in the presence of the 4-hydroxyphenethyl or isopropyl group; this combination also gave the highest cardioselectivity.

References

Jan 1, 1986·General Pharmacology·G D Novack
Apr 1, 1980·Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America·J PithaM G Caron

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