PMID: 31830May 1, 1978

Cardiovascular, acid-base, electrolyte, and plasma volume changes in ponies developing alimentary laminitis

American Journal of Veterinary Research
J R HarkemaJ B Scott


Twelve Shetland ponies were fed a high-starch ration. Seven ponies which had a transitory metabolic acidosis developed laminitis 56 hours (+/- 3.5, SEM) after overfeeding. These ponies also developed persistent hypokalemia, hyperthermia, and increased heart rate 24 hours before the onset of lameness. Serum sodium, serum chloride, hematocrit, plasma volume, and blood volume were unchanged. At the onset of clinical signs of laminitis, cardiac output and blood pressure increased, but total peripheral resistance was unchanged. None of the measured or calculated values predicted the onset of laminitis. Hypertension appeared to be a response to, rather than a cause of, lameness. Three of the remaining ponies apparently died of shock 29.3 +/- 2.7 hours after overfeeding. All 3 had severe metabolic acidosis; decreased cardiac output, systemic arterial pressure, and plasma volume; and increased hematocrit, total peripheral resistance, and pulmonary vascular resistance. The 11th pony was unaffected and the 12th pony was euthanatized.

Related Concepts

Acid-Base Imbalance
Metabolic Acidosis
Carbon Dioxide
Cardiac Output
Cardiovascular System
Foot Diseases
Horse Diseases

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