Cardiovascular and nitric oxide response after maximal voluntary isometric contraction in adolescents with and without Down Syndrome v1

Weldson AbreuRafael Olher

Abstract

Background This study was designed to compare the cardiovascular and nitric oxide (NO) responses to maximal voluntary isometric contraction (MVIC) with different muscle groups (leg press [LEP] and isometric handgrip [IHG] exercise) of adolescents with Down syndrome (DS) and age-matched non-DS peers. We also aimed to compare the absolute and relative IHG strength between groups. MethodsEleven adolescents with DS (14.1 ± 1.0 years) and ten without DS (13.7 ± 1.25 years)participants performed two experimental sessions of LEP and IHG exercises: 1) familiarization session and 2) 3 attempts x 5-sec contraction at MVIC with 3-min rest interval. Blood pressure (BP), heart rate (HR) and NO were collected at rest, immediately post-exercise session, and 10-min post-exercise. Results There were no differences for cardiovascular and NO responses between groups for MVIC test using different muscle groups. However, DS group displayed a lower but not significantly cardiovascular response at rest and after MVIC tests than controls. Furthermore, DS group displayed a higher NO- concentration at rest, recovery and after IHG when compared to controls (P< 0.05). In addition, DS adolescents displayed a significantly lower level in absolute and rel...Continue Reading

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