Cardiovascular effects of prenalterol (H133/22) in normal man

British Journal of Clinical Pharmacology
D H ScottD B Scott

Abstract

1 Prenalterol, (S-(-)-1-(4 hydroxyphenoxy)-3-isopropylaminopropanol-2 hydrochloride) a cardio-selective beta-adrenergic receptor agonist, was infused intravenously into six normal male volunteers to determine the cardiovascular effects of this drug. 2 On different occasions, each volunteer received a placebo infusion, an infusion of 0.5 mg prenalterol and an infusion of 1 mg prenalterol. Cardiac output (impedance cardiography), arterial pressure (sphygmomanometry), heart rate and ECG were measured throughout. 3 Prenalterol produced a statistically significant increase in cardiac output and at the end of the infusion this increase was 24% with 0.5 mg and 29% with 1 mg, mainly due to an increase in stroke volume (18% and 17%) with a lesser change in heart rate (+2 and +7 beats/min). Pulse pressure increased but mean arterial pressure showed little change. Peripheral resistance fell by 18% and 20%. As indicated by systolic time indices myocardial contractility increased. 4 Prenalterol at plasma concentrations in excess of 20 nmol l-1 produced significant inotropic effects but did not markedly increase heart rate at concentrations of 60 nmol l-1.

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Related Concepts

Arterial Pulse Pressure
Total Peripheral Resistance
Myocardial Disorder
Human Volunteers
Diastolic Blood Pressure
Prenalterol
Myocardium
Adrenergic beta-Agonists
Propanolamines
Pulmonary Vascular Resistance

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