Dec 8, 1998

Cardiovascular events and their reduction with pravastatin in diabetic and glucose-intolerant myocardial infarction survivors with average cholesterol levels: subgroup analyses in the cholesterol and recurrent events (CARE) trial. The Care Investigators

R B GoldbergE Braunwald


Although diabetes is a major risk factor for coronary heart disease (CHD), little information is available on the effects of lipid lowering in diabetic patients. We determined whether lipid-lowering treatment with pravastatin prevents recurrent cardiovascular events in diabetic patients with CHD and average cholesterol levels. The Cholesterol And Recurrent Events (CARE) trial, a 5-year trial that compared the effect of pravastatin and placebo, included 586 patients (14.1%) with clinical diagnoses of diabetes. The participants with diabetes were older, more obese, and more hypertensive. The mean baseline lipid concentrations in the group with diabetes--136 mg/dL LDL cholesterol, 38 mg/dL HDL cholesterol, and 164 mg/dL triglycerides--were similar to those in the nondiabetic group. LDL cholesterol reduction by pravastatin was similar (27% and 28%) in the diabetic and nondiabetic groups, respectively. In the placebo group, the diabetic patients suffered more recurrent coronary events (CHD death, nonfatal myocardial infarction [MI], CABG, and PTCA) than did the nondiabetic patients (37% versus 25%). Pravastatin treatment reduced the absolute risk of coronary events for the diabetic and nondiabetic patients by 8.1% and 5.2% and the r...Continue Reading

  • References13
  • Citations494


  • References13
  • Citations494


Mentioned in this Paper

Low Density Lipoprotein Cholesterol Measurement
Serum HDL Cholesterol Measurement
Recurrent Malignant Neoplasm
Myocardial Infarction
Coronary Arteriosclerosis
Impaired Glucose Tolerance

Related Feeds

Cardiology Journals

Discover the latest cardiology research in this collection of the top cardiology journals.

ApoE, Lipids & Cholesterol

Serum cholesterol, triglycerides, apolipoprotein B (APOB)-containing lipoproteins (very low-density lipoprotein (VLDL), immediate-density lipoprotein (IDL), and low-density lipoprotein (LDL), lipoprotein A (LPA)) and the total cholesterol/high-density lipoprotein (HDL) cholesterol ratio are all connected in diseases. Here is the latest research.