Cardiovascular parameters in anaesthetized guinea pigs: a safety pharmacology screening model

Journal of Pharmacological and Toxicological Methods
Daniela S HauserGuido Hanauer

Abstract

Assessment of cardiovascular functions in vivo is part of the core battery of guideline ICH S7A and is thereby required by regulatory authorities. The haemodynamic effects of repeated intravenous administrations of reference compounds were analyzed in order to validate the guinea pig model for safety pharmacology studies under GLP conditions. Male guinea pigs (n=54, weighing 565-762 g) were anaesthetized using 1.5 g/kg, i.p., urethane. Systolic arterial blood pressure (SAP), diastolic arterial blood pressure (DAP), heart rate (HR), left ventricular pressure (LVP), cardiac contractility (dp/dt(max)), and ECG (RR, QT, and QTc intervals) were recorded continuously. Animals received vehicle i.v. followed by cumulative doses of reference compounds. Vehicle did not produce any relevant changes, either in cardiovascular or ECG parameters. Isoproterenol caused a rapid and significant increase in HR, LVP, and dp/dt(max), in contrast to a dose-dependent decrease in SAP and DAP. Epinephrine led to a potent increase in all cardiovascular parameters. Nifedipine produced a slight decrease in HR and LVP, and a potent decrease in blood pressure and dp/dt(max). Verapamil caused a dose-dependent decrease in all cardiovascular parameters. Ouabain...Continue Reading

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Related Concepts

Anesthesia Procedures
Cardiovascular Agents
Cardiovascular System
Dose-Response Relationship, Drug
Medicinal Plants Testing, Preclinical
Pharmaceutical Preparations
Electrocardiographic Recorders
Medihaler-Epi
Cavia porcellus
Hemodynamics

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