Jul 1, 1999

Carotenoid oxidation in photosystem II

Biochemistry
J HanleyA William Rutherford

Abstract

The oxidation of carotenoid upon illumination at low temperature has been studied in Mn-depleted photosystem II (PSII) using EPR and electronic absorption spectroscopy. Illumination of PSII at 20 K results in carotenoid cation radical (Car+*) formation in essentially all of the centers. When a sample which was preilluminated at 20 K was warmed in darkness to 120 K, Car+* was replaced by a chlorophyll cation radical. This suggests that carotenoid functions as an electron carrier between P680, the photooxidizable chlorophyll in PSII, and ChlZ, the monomeric chlorophyll which acts as a secondary electron donor under some conditions. By correlating with the absorption spectra at different temperatures, specific EPR signals from Car+* and ChlZ+* are distinguished in terms of their g-values and widths. When cytochrome b559 (Cyt b559) is prereduced, illumination at 20 K results in the oxidation of Cyt b559 without the prior formation of a stable Car+*. Although these results can be reconciled with a linear pathway, they are more straightforwardly explained in terms of a branched electron-transfer pathway, where Car is a direct electron donor to P680(+), while Cyt b559 and ChlZ are both capable of donating electrons to Car+*, and where...Continue Reading

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Mentioned in this Paper

Biochemical Pathway
Carotenoids
Formic Acids
Darkness
Free Radicals
Lithium formate
Oxidation
Cytochrome b Group
Cations
CHLZ

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