Dec 1, 1995

Cartilage matrix protein forms a type II collagen-independent filamentous network: analysis in primary cell cultures with a retrovirus expression system

Molecular Biology of the Cell
Q ChenP F Goetinck

Abstract

Cartilage matrix protein (CMP) is expressed specifically in mature cartilage and consists of two von Willebrand factor A domains (CMP-A1 and CMP-A2) that are separated by an epidermal growth factor-like domain, and a coiled-coil tail domain at the carboxyl terminal end. We have shown previously that CMP interacts with type II collagen-containing fibrils in cartilage. In this study, we describe a type II collagen-independent CMP filament and we analyze the structural requirement for the formation of this type of filament. Recombinant wild-type CMP and two mutant forms were expressed in chick primary cell cultures using a retrovirus expression system. In chondrocytes, the wild-type virally encoded CMP is able to form disulfide bonded trimers and to assemble into filaments. Filaments also form with CMP whose Cys455 and Cys457 in the tail domain were mutagenized to prevent interchain disulfide bond formation. Therefore, intermolecular disulfide bonds are not necessary for the assembly of CMP into filaments. Both the wild-type and the double cysteine mutant also form filaments in fibroblasts, indicating that chondrocyte-specific factors are not required for filament formation. A truncated form of CMP that consists only of the CMP-A2...Continue Reading

  • References15
  • Citations36

Citations

Mentioned in this Paper

Shuttle Vectors
Transfection
Specimen Type - Fibroblasts
Epidermal Growth Factor
Proteins, Recombinant DNA
Mutagenesis, Site-Directed
Chondrocyte
Coiled-Coil Domain
Cartilage matrix protein
Zyderm

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