Mar 30, 2020

Cas9HF1 enhanced specificity in Ustilago maydis

Fungal Biology
Weiliang ZuoGunther Doehlemann

Abstract

The clustered regularly interspaced short palindromic repeats (CRISPR)-Cas9 system is widely used as a tool to precisely manipulate genomic sequence targeted by sgRNA (single guide RNA) and is adapted in different species for genome editing. One of the major concerns of CRISPR-Cas9 is the possibility of off-target effects, which can be remedied by the deployment of high fidelity Cas9 variants. Ustilago maydis is a maize fungal pathogen, which has served as a model organism for biotrophic pathogens for decades. The successful adaption of CRISPR-Cas9 in U. maydis greatly facilitated effector biology studies. Here, we constructed an U. maydis reporter strain that allows in vivo quantification of efficiency and target specificity of three high fidelity Cas9 variants, Cas9HF1, Cas9esp1.1 and Cas9hypa. This approach identified Cas9HF1 as most specific Cas9 variant in U. maydis. Furthermore, whole genome sequencing showed absence of off-target effects in U. maydis by CRISPR-Cas9 editing.

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Mentioned in this Paper

Species
RNA
In Vivo
Ustilago
Genome Assembly Sequence
Zea mays
Ustilago maydis
Gene Mutant
Whole Genome Sequencing
Clustered Regularly Interspaced Short Palindromic Repeats

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