Cataract and hearing loss in a population-based study: the Beaver Dam studies

American Journal of Ophthalmology
B E KleinDayna S Dalton

Abstract

Cataract and hearing loss are each common at older ages and together may influence the ability to function independently and affect the sense of well-being. For these reasons, we sought to estimate the risk factors for comorbidity of age-related cataract and hearing loss. A cross-sectional evaluation of a population-based cohort of older adults was conducted in Beaver Dam, Wisconsin, for presence of age-related cataract and hearing loss. The study evaluation included taking standardized medical histories, measuring blood pressures, and obtaining blood specimens. Standardized photographs, which were graded according to well-defined protocols to assess the presence of nuclear, cortical or posterior subcapsular cataract, were taken. Audiometric testing was performed according to well-defined study protocols. Any type of cataract in combination with hearing loss in either ear was frequent, occurring in 27.8% of the population overall and increasing consistently with age. Nuclear and posterior subcapsular cataract in combination with hearing loss occurred more often in men. Lifestyle factors that were associated with at least one cataract-hearing loss end point in at least one sex were history of heavy drinking and smoking. In this ...Continue Reading

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Citations

Jan 6, 2011·The Journal of Laryngology and Otology·M K BozkurtB Bozkurt
Sep 1, 2015·The Gerontologist·Chyrisse Heine, Colette Browning
Jun 28, 2011·Geriatrics & Gerontology International·Deepthi R, Arvind Kasthuri
Oct 18, 2011·Ophthalmic & Physiological Optics : the Journal of the British College of Ophthalmic Opticians (Optometrists)·Marilyn E SchneckJohn A Brabyn
Dec 14, 2004·Ophthalmic Epidemiology·Jeanette JeePaul Mitchell
Apr 14, 2007·The Journal of School Health·Eileen Daniel
Jan 5, 2010·Yonsei Medical Journal·Myung Gu KimSeung Geun Yeo
Jul 25, 2019·Journal of Clinical Medicine·Joon Mo KimOn Behalf Of The Epidemiologic Survey Committee Of The Korean Ophthalmological Society
Feb 25, 2003·The Journal of the Acoustical Society of America·Mary M PrinceLeslie T Stayner
Aug 16, 2012·Cadernos de saúde pública·Mariana Sodario CruzAna Teresa de Abreu Ramos-Cerqueira

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