May 1, 1976

Catecholamine-induced changes in ion transport in short-circuited frog skin and the effect of beta-blockade

The Journal of Physiology
R W Tomlinson, A W Wood

Abstract

1. A method for measuring bidirectional Cl fluxes has been used to estimate net Cl movements in short-circuited frog skin and to compare these with the short-circuit current (Isc) and Na fluxes. 2. In some experiments bidirectional fluxes of both Na and Cl were measured simultaneously. It was found that the algebraic sum of the net fluxes of these two ions did not differ significantly from the values of Isc, either in untreated or catecholamine-treated skins, except for the half-hour period immediately after catecholamine addition. 3. The net effluxes of Cl produced by noradrenaline (1-6 X 10(-5)M), isoprenaline (8 X 10(-7)M) and adrenaline (6 and 15 X 10(-6)M) were of similar magnitude for each catecholamine. The magnitude of the Cl response measured as a flux ratio was related to a certain extent to the precatecholamine Cl conductance. 4. The net Na influx was increased by isoprenaline and reduced by noradrenaline. 5. Addition of the beta-adrenergic blocking agent oxprenolol (4-5 X 10(-5)M) to skins stimulated by catecholamine resulted in the disappearance of the net Cl movement and fall in skin conductance and Isc. This fall was similar in magnitude to, and correlated with the mean rise in Isc produced by isoprenaline, but o...Continue Reading

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Mentioned in this Paper

Chloride Ion Level
Acetazolamide Sodium, (Sterile)
Catecholamine [EPC]
AS 6
Catecholamines Measurement
Sodium Ion Transport
Ions
Acetazolamide
Norepinephrine, (+, -)-Isomer
Drug Efflux

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