PMID: 591472Nov 1, 1977

Catecholamines in coronary sinus during exercise in man before and after training

Journal of Applied Physiology: Respiratory, Environmental and Exercise Physiology
D CousineauM G Bourassa


Coronary patients exercised on an ergometric bicycle before and after physical training. Plasma catecholamines were sampled simultaneously at the arterial and coronary sinus levels and assayed with a radioenzymatic method. The increase in the level of coronary sinus catecholamines exceeded the increase in the arterial level, indicating a liberation of catecholamines by the myocardium and an activation of the peripheral sympathetic fibers during exercise. With high work loads, these values no longer differed, suggesting that the additional increase in circulating catecholamines originate from extra-myocardial stores, presumably the adrenal medulla. Arterial catecholamine levels were significantly correlated with work loads, heart rate, changes in systolic blood pressure, and rate-pressure product. After physical training, arterial catecholamine increases for various work loads were lower; these lower elevations were associated with diminished responses in heart rate and systolic blood pressure, resulting in a lower rate-pressure product. Physical training results in diminished sympathetic responses for a given level of exercise, which could be associated with the clinical improvement of these patients.


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