PMID: 45782Jan 1, 1978

Cation-sugar cotransport in the melibiose transport system of Escherichia coli

Membrane Biochemistry
T Tsuchiya, T H Wilson


The entry of Na+ or H+ into cells of Escherichia coli via the melibiose transport system was stimulated by the addition of certain galactosides. The principal cell used in these studies (W3133) was a lactose transport negative strain of E. coli possessing an inducible melibiose transport system. Such cells were grown in the presence of melibiose, washed, and incubated in the presence of 25 microM Na+. The addition of thiomethylgalactoside (TMG) resulted in a fall in Na+ concentration in the incubation medium. No TMG-stimulated Na+ movement was observed in uninduced cells. In an alpha-galactosidase negative derivative of W3133 (RA11) a sugar-stimulated Na+ uptake was observed in melibiose-induced cells on the addition of melibiose, thiodigalactoside, methyl-alpha-galactoside, methyl-beta-galactoside, and galactose, but not lactose. It was inferred from these studies that the substrates of the melibiose system enter the cell on the melibiose carrier associated with the simultaneous entry of Na+ when this cation is present in the incubation medium. Extracellular pH was measured in unbuffered suspensions of induced cells in order to study proton movement across the membrane of cells exposed to different galactosides. In the absence...Continue Reading


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