PMID: 1612583Jul 1, 1992Paper

Cauda equina tumor with ependymal and paraganglionic differentiation

Human Pathology
D V CaccamoJ H Garcia


We describe the case of a 31-year-old woman who was first treated for a pigmented choroid plexus papilloma of the fourth ventricle. Ten year later, she developed a new tumor in the region of the cauda equina. This second neoplasm contained areas of papillary ependymoma that displayed phosphotungstic acid hematoxylin-positive glial fibers and immunoreactivity for glial fibrillary acidic and S-100 proteins. Areas of ependymoma merged with others that displayed the appearance of a paraganglioma, including lobules and nests of chief cells immunoreactive for neuron-specific enolase, synaptophysin, chromogranin, and serotonin. Satellite cells, but not chief cells, stained for glial fibrillary acidic and S-100 proteins. Electron microscopy showed features of both ependymal and paraganglionic differentiation, including intercellular lumina with microvilli, junctional complexes, cell processes with closely packed filaments, and dense core granules. Our case represents a rare example of a cauda equina neoplasm with simultaneous ependymal and paraganglionic differentiation. To our knowledge, this is the first described example of a tumor of this region showing features of both ependymoma and paraganglioma.


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