Dec 31, 1997

Causality of parenchymal and vascular changes in rats with experimental thiamine deficiency encephalopathy

Pathology International
Q ChenR Okeda


The causality of vascular and parenchymal damage to the central nervous system (CNS) was examined in rats with thiamine deficiency. Male Sprague-Dawley rats were divided into two groups; one was given a thiamine-deficient diet (TDD) and injected intraperitoneally with 10 micrograms/100 g bodyweight pyrithiamine (PT) in order to analyze morphometrically the topographical and sequential relationship between vascular and parenchymal changes and vasodilatation, and the other was given a TDD and 50 micrograms/100 g bodyweight PT in order to determine hemorrhagic sites using serial sections. Histological examination showed that spongiotic change occurred selectively in the inferior colliculus (100%) from day 19, and thereafter in the thalamus (95%), mammillary body (50%) and nuclei olivaris and vestibularis of the pons (25%), with or without hemorrhage. Simultaneously, glycogen accumulation was also observed in these regions at a frequency similar to that of hemorrhage. Ultrastructurally, however, hydropic swelling of astrocytic and neuronal processes without glycogen accumulation was observed as early as day 9 in the inferior colliculus, at which time an increase of glial fibrillary acidic protein-positive processes was also recogni...Continue Reading

Mentioned in this Paper

Mammillary Body Structure
Thiamine Deficiency
Neurologic Manifestations
Glial Fibrillary Acidic Protein
Entire Mammillary Body
Blood Vessel
Pontine Structure

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