Dec 31, 1997

Causality of parenchymal and vascular changes in rats with experimental thiamine deficiency encephalopathy

Pathology International
Q ChenR Okeda

Abstract

The causality of vascular and parenchymal damage to the central nervous system (CNS) was examined in rats with thiamine deficiency. Male Sprague-Dawley rats were divided into two groups; one was given a thiamine-deficient diet (TDD) and injected intraperitoneally with 10 micrograms/100 g bodyweight pyrithiamine (PT) in order to analyze morphometrically the topographical and sequential relationship between vascular and parenchymal changes and vasodilatation, and the other was given a TDD and 50 micrograms/100 g bodyweight PT in order to determine hemorrhagic sites using serial sections. Histological examination showed that spongiotic change occurred selectively in the inferior colliculus (100%) from day 19, and thereafter in the thalamus (95%), mammillary body (50%) and nuclei olivaris and vestibularis of the pons (25%), with or without hemorrhage. Simultaneously, glycogen accumulation was also observed in these regions at a frequency similar to that of hemorrhage. Ultrastructurally, however, hydropic swelling of astrocytic and neuronal processes without glycogen accumulation was observed as early as day 9 in the inferior colliculus, at which time an increase of glial fibrillary acidic protein-positive processes was also recogni...Continue Reading

Mentioned in this Paper

Mammillary Body Structure
Petechiae
Thiamine Deficiency
Neurologic Manifestations
Glial Fibrillary Acidic Protein
Entire Mammillary Body
Blood Vessel
Brain
Immunocytochemistry
Pontine Structure

Trending Feeds

COVID-19

Coronaviruses encompass a large family of viruses that cause the common cold as well as more serious diseases, such as the ongoing outbreak of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19; formally known as 2019-nCoV). Coronaviruses can spread from animals to humans; symptoms include fever, cough, shortness of breath, and breathing difficulties; in more severe cases, infection can lead to death. This feed covers recent research on COVID-19.

Bone Marrow Neoplasms

Bone Marrow Neoplasms are cancers that occur in the bone marrow. Discover the latest research on Bone Marrow Neoplasms here.

IGA Glomerulonephritis

IgA glomerulonephritis is a chronic form of glomerulonephritis characterized by deposits of predominantly Iimmunoglobin A in the mesangial area. Discover the latest research on IgA glomerulonephritis here.

Cryogenic Electron Microscopy

Cryogenic electron microscopy (Cryo-EM) allows the determination of biological macromolecules and their assemblies at a near-atomic resolution. Here is the latest research.

STING Receptor Agonists

Stimulator of IFN genes (STING) are a group of transmembrane proteins that are involved in the induction of type I interferon that is important in the innate immune response. The stimulation of STING has been an active area of research in the treatment of cancer and infectious diseases. Here is the latest research on STING receptor agonists.

LRRK2 & Immunity During Infection

Mutations in the LRRK2 gene are a risk-factor for developing Parkinson’s disease. However, LRRK2 has been shown to function as a central regulator of vesicular trafficking, infection, immunity, and inflammation. Here is the latest research on the role of this kinase on immunity during infection.

Antiphospholipid Syndrome

Antiphospholipid syndrome or antiphospholipid antibody syndrome (APS or APLS), is an autoimmune, hypercoagulable state caused by the presence of antibodies directed against phospholipids.

Meningococcal Myelitis

Meningococcal myelitis is characterized by inflammation and myelin damage to the meninges and spinal cord. Discover the latest research on meningococcal myelitis here.

Alzheimer's Disease: MS4A

Variants within membrane-spanning 4-domains subfamily A (MS4A) gene cluster have recently been implicated in Alzheimer's disease by recent genome-wide association studies. Here is the latest research.