Causes and surgical treatment of diplopia and strabismus secondary to myasthenia gravis.

Archivos de la Sociedad Española de Oftalmología
Pilar Merino SanzP Gómez de Liaño Sánchez

Abstract

To present a report of the ocular motility disorders, treatment and outcomes of myasthenia gravis (MG). A retrospective study was performed on the data of patients with MG. An evaluation was made using mean age, gender, initial diagnosis, ocular deviation, time of onset of clinical characteristics, treatment and results. Resolution of diplopia and/or ocular deviation in primary and reading gaze was considered a good outcome at the end of follow-up. A total of 14 cases were included. The mean age of the sample was 55.64 years, of which 9 were women, and 10 cases were bilateral. The diagnosis was made by ophthalmologists in 4 cases. The initial diagnoses were diverse: bilateral cranial third nerve palsy in 3, unilateral third nerve palsy in 1, superior or inferior rectus palsy in 3, sixth nerve palsy in 2, fourth nerve palsy in 1, exotropia in 3 and esotropia in 1. Diplopia was presented in 14 cases and 9 associated ptosis. The different types of strabismus were horizontal ocular deviation in 11 cases: 8 with exotropia, and 4 with vertical deviation. Strabismus surgery was performed in 4 cases that did not respond to medical treatment, with a good final outcome. Pharmacological treatment resolved diplopia in 6 cases, and prisms i...Continue Reading

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