Nov 15, 2019

Cavernous Transformation of Portal Vein in the Setting of Protein C and Anti-thrombin III Deficiency

Curēus
Mahwish NasimIqra Irfan

Abstract

Cavernous transformation of the portal vein (CTPV), also known as portal cavernoma, is a sequelae of thrombosis in the portal vein causing its occlusion and portal hypertension. The etiology, however, remains unknown. Gastroesophageal variceal bleeding, splenomegaly, portosystemic collaterals, and ultimate hematologic abnormalities are among the prominent clinical features. Among the causes, predisposing an individual to CTPV is natural anticoagulant protein C and antithrombin III deficiencies. Determination of the etiology of CTPV may also give a direction toward the management plan to not only relieve the patient of the already developed complications but also to treat the primary cause of the pathology  We discuss a case of a nine-year-old male child diagnosed as CTPV secondary to protein C and antithrombin III deficiency who was treated symptomatically for anemia and varices and was referred for transjugular intrahepatic portosystemic shunt (TIPS).

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Mentioned in this Paper

Protein C, human
Haematological Abnormality
Determination Aspects
Portal Vein Structure
Transforming virus
Hypertension, Portal
Cavernitis of Penis
Bleeding Varices
Complication
Disease Management

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