DOI: 10.1101/453845Oct 29, 2018Paper

CBFβ-MYH11 interferes with megakaryocyte differentiation via modulating a gene program that includes GATA2 and KLF1

BioRxiv : the Preprint Server for Biology
Guoqiang YiJoost H A Martens

Abstract

The inv(16) acute myeloid leukemia associated CBFβ-MYH11 fusion is proposed to block normal myeloid differentiation, but whether this subtype of leukemia cells is poised for a unique cell lineage remains unclear. Here, we surveyed the functional consequences of CBFβ-MYH11 in primary inv(16) patient blasts, upon expression during hematopoietic differentiation in vitro and upon knockdown in cell lines by multi-omics profiling. Our results reveal that primary inv(16) AML cells share common transcriptomic signatures and epigenetic determiners with megakaryocytes and erythrocytes. Using in vitro differentiation systems, we reveal that CBFβ-MYH11 knockdown interferes with normal megakaryocyte maturation. Two pivotal regulators, GATA2 and KLF1, are identified to complementally occupy RUNX1 binding sites upon fusion protein knockdown, and overexpression of GATA2 partly restores megakaryocyte directed differentiation suppressed by CBFβ-MYH11. Together, our findings suggest that in inv(16) leukemia, the CBFβ-MYH11 fusion inhibits primed megakaryopoiesis by attenuating expression of GATA2/KLF1 and interfering with a balanced transcriptional program involving these two factors.

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