Oct 29, 2018

CBFβ-MYH11 interferes with megakaryocyte differentiation via modulating a gene program that includes GATA2 and KLF1

BioRxiv : the Preprint Server for Biology
Guoqiang YiJ H A Martens

Abstract

The inv(16) acute myeloid leukemia associated CBFβ-MYH11 fusion is proposed to block normal myeloid differentiation, but whether this subtype of leukemia cells is poised for a unique cell lineage remains unclear. Here, we surveyed the functional consequences of CBFβ-MYH11 in primary inv(16) patient blasts, upon expression during hematopoietic differentiation in vitro and upon knockdown in cell lines by multi-omics profiling. Our results reveal that primary inv(16) AML cells share common transcriptomic signatures and epigenetic determiners with megakaryocytes and erythrocytes. Using in vitro differentiation systems, we reveal that CBFβ-MYH11 knockdown interferes with normal megakaryocyte maturation. Two pivotal regulators, GATA2 and KLF1, are identified to complementally occupy RUNX1 binding sites upon fusion protein knockdown, and overexpression of GATA2 partly restores megakaryocyte directed differentiation suppressed by CBFβ-MYH11. Together, our findings suggest that in inv(16) leukemia, the CBFβ-MYH11 fusion inhibits primed megakaryopoiesis by attenuating expression of GATA2/KLF1 and interfering with a balanced transcriptional program involving these two factors.

  • References
  • Citations

References

  • We're still populating references for this paper, please check back later.
  • References
  • Citations

Citations

  • This paper may not have been cited yet.

Mentioned in this Paper

Entire Anterior Leaflet of Mitral Valve
RUNX1 gene
Myeloid Cell Differentiation
Gene Knockdown Techniques
Genes
MYH11 wt Allele
Megakaryocytes
Transcription, Genetic
Blast Cell
GATA2 Transcription Factor

About this Paper

Related Feeds

Acute Myeloid Leukemia

Acute myeloid leukemia (AML) is a clinically and genetically heterogeneous disease with approximately 20,000 cases per year in the United States. AML also accounts for 15-20% of all childhood acute leukemias, while it is responsible for more than half of the leukemic deaths in these patients. Here is the latest research on this disease.

BioRxiv & MedRxiv Preprints

BioRxiv and MedRxiv are the preprint servers for biology and health sciences respectively, operated by Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory. Here are the latest preprint articles (which are not peer-reviewed) from BioRxiv and MedRxiv.

AML: Role of LSD1 by CRISPR (Keystone)

Find the latest rersearrch on the ability of CRISPR-Cas9 mutagenesis to profile the interactions between lysine-specific histone demethylase 1 (LSD1) and chemical inhibitors in the context of acute myeloid leukemia (AML) here.