Mar 15, 2003

Cd bioaccumulation by a freshwater bacterium, Rhodospirillum rubrum

Environmental Science & Technology
A SmiejanC Rossier

Abstract

Cd bioaccumulation by Rhodospirillum rubrum, a Gram-negative freshwater bacterium, was studied in a synthetic medium. The free ion (Cd2+) was the best predictor of the Cd internalization fluxes. Representation of the short-term uptake fluxes as a function of [Cd2+] in the medium demonstrated a linear relationship, as would be expected for a rate-limiting, first-order internalization with a single transporter. Nonetheless, several different accumulation profiles were observed, depending on the Cd concentration. Cd uptake was regulated differently for concentrations above and below 10(-6) M (or was regulated only above [Cd2+] = 10(-6) M). Short-and long-term studies revealed that regulation was rapidly initiated for the highest Cd concentrations examined, effectively decreasing both adsorbed and internalized Cd. Anodic stripping voltammetry demonstrated that a Cd complexing ligand was produced within minutes upon exposure to 5 x 10(-6) M Cd2+ and that an extracellular sequestration of Cd was one mechanism regulating Cd uptake. Competition studies with other cations revealed a competitive inhibition of Cd uptake by Zn and an uptake enhancement in the presence of Mn and Cu.

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Mentioned in this Paper

Extracellular
Uptake
Water Pollutants
Cations
Membrane Transport Proteins
Ligands Activity
Sequestration
Cadmium
Bioaccumulation
Ligands

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