DOI: 10.1101/461459Nov 15, 2018Paper

CD36hi monocytes play immunoregulatory roles in human umbilical cord blood

BioRxiv : the Preprint Server for Biology
Jessica G LeeMakio Iwashima

Abstract

The fetal and neonatal immune systems are uniquely poised to generate tolerance to self, maternal, and environmental antigens encountered in the womb and shortly after birth. The tolerogenic nature of fetal and neonatal immunity is a rising health concern with the spread of vertically transmitted viruses, such as the Zika virus. A variety of mechanisms contribute to fetal and neonatal tolerance, including a propensity to generate Foxp3+ regulatory T cells (Tregs). Here, we demonstrate that a subset of CD14+ monocytes expressing the scavenger molecule, CD36, is able to generate CD4+ and CD8+ T cells that express Foxp3 from umbilical cord blood (UCB). Monocyte-induced Foxp3+ T cells have potent suppressive functions on T cell proliferation and maintain Foxp3 expression over six weeks in vitro. Importantly, UCB-derived Foxp3+ T cells are distinguishable from adult peripheral blood (APB) CD4+CD25+ Tregs by surface antigen expression. While UCB-derived Foxp3+ T cells express prototypic Treg-associated surface antigens, such as CD25 and glucocorticoid-induced tumor necrosis factor-related receptor (GITR), only UCB-derived Foxp3+ T cells express CD26. In addition, most UCB-derived CD8+Foxp3+ T cells express CD31. Mechanistically, both...Continue Reading

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