Ceftriaxone is an efficient component of antimicrobial regimens in the prevention and initial management of infections in end-stage renal disease

American Journal of Nephrology
H TrimarchiW N Suki

Abstract

Infection is a frequent complication in patients with end-stage renal disease. The most common organisms isolated are gram-positive cocci and gram-negative bacilli. Therefore, the usual initial therapeutic approach in these situations is the simultaneous intravenous administration of vancomycin plus an aminoglycoside. This treatment's adverse effects include ototoxicity, nephrotoxicity, and less than ideal tissue penetrance. We assessed the efficacy of intravenous ceftriaxone in the prevention and in the initial empirical treatment of infections in end-stage renal disease patients, and tested the stability of blood levels of this antibiotic in this population. We studied 104 patients, 65 of them falling into the prevention group (1 g of ceftriaxone i.v. for 5 days) and 39 into the treatment group (1 g of ceftriaxone i.v. or intraperitoneally for 10-14 days). Peak serum ceftriaxone concentrations were well above the minimal inhibitory concentration for 90% of strains. Trough serum concentrations of the drug prior to the next dose were also considerably in excess of the minimal inhibitory concentration. In the prevention group, 8 of 65 developed an infection, which was sensitive to ceftriaxone, whereas in 22 of the 39 patients fr...Continue Reading

Citations

Oct 19, 2019·Therapeutic Apheresis and Dialysis : Official Peer-reviewed Journal of the International Society for Apheresis, the Japanese Society for Apheresis, the Japanese Society for Dialysis Therapy·Masamitsu UbukataHiromichi Gotoh

Related Concepts

Bacterial Infections
Terbac
Cephalosporanic Acids
Polychemotherapy
Kidney Failure, Chronic

Related Feeds

Aminoglycosides (ASM)

Aminoglycoside is a medicinal and bacteriologic category of traditional Gram-negative antibacterial medications that inhibit protein synthesis and contain as a portion of the molecule an amino-modified glycoside. Discover the latest research on aminoglycoside here.

Aminoglycosides

Aminoglycoside is a medicinal and bacteriologic category of traditional Gram-negative antibacterial medications that inhibit protein synthesis and contain as a portion of the molecule an amino-modified glycoside. Discover the latest research on aminoglycoside here.

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