Cefuroxime selective electrodes for batch and FIA determinations in pharmaceutical preparations

Journal of Pharmaceutical and Biomedical Analysis
J L LimaM G Sales


Different cefuroxime selective electrodes, without internal reference solution and comprising PVC membranes, were constructed and evaluated. Membranes were prepared with cefuroxime tetraoctylammonium (A) or cefuroxime bis(triphenylphosphoranylidene)ammonium (B) as ion-exchanger, 2-nitrophenyl octyl ether (X) or bis(2-ethylhexyl)sebacate (Y) as plasticizing mediator solvent and 4-tert-otcylphenol (TOP) as additive. From the comparative evaluation of the described electrodes, membranes comprising 2-nitrophenyl octyl ether, cefuroxime tetraoctylammonium and 4-tert-otcylphenol presented better working characteristics. For these electrodes (type XA-TOP), with a lifetime > 5 months, a lower limit of linear range of 2.8 x 10(-4) M, a practical detection limit of 1.3 x 10(-4) M, a reproducibility of approximately +/-0.6 mV day(-1) and a slope of -50.4 mV decade(-1), under H3PO4/NaH2PO4 solutions (pH 3.5; I =0.1 M), were found. The presence of the additive on the membranes was of crucial importance for the electrodes good characteristics. Interference from sulphate, chloride, nitrate, iodide, cefaclor, cefadroxil, cefazolin and cephradine, on the electrodes behaviour was evaluated. Only a slight interference from nitrate and iodide was ...Continue Reading


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