PMID: 3919766Apr 11, 1985

Cell age-dependent changes in deformability and calcium accumulation of human erythrocytes

Biochimica Et Biophysica Acta
T ShigaM Okazaki


The deformability of human erythrocytes was measured in a rheoscope, as a function of intracellular calcium content (varied with ionophore (A23187) and CaCl2) without complete ATP depletion and echinocytic transformation. Loading calcium into intact erythrocytes (calcium content: 16.8 mumol/1 packed cells = 1.48 amol per cell), the cell volume and energy charge gradually decreased. Further, the membrane fluidity of the lipid portion decreased without crosslinking of membrane proteins. A distinct transition from deformable to undeformable cells was observed by the rheoscope technique: i.e., 50% transition occurred at 40-50 mumol calcium/1 packed cells (= 3.5-4.0 amol per cell) and more than 90% above 100 mumol/1 packed cells (= 6.5 amol per cell) at a shear stress of 140 dyn/cm2. The deformable cells maintained their deformability to ellipsoidal disks independent of the average calcium content. The underformable cells, separated as high-density cells by density gradient centrifugation after calcium-loading, showed lower glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase activity than low-density-deformable cells; thus, the calcium-loaded, undeformable cells were presumably in vivo aged cells. The younger cells, fractionated as low-density cells ...Continue Reading


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