Mar 29, 2020

Cell-cell adhesion in plant grafting is facilitated by β-1,4-glucanases

BioRxiv : the Preprint Server for Biology
Michitaka NotaguchiTetsuya Higashiyama

Abstract

Plant grafting is conducted for vegetative propagation in plants, whereby a piece of living tissue is attached to another tissue through establishment of cell-cell adhesion. Plant grafting has a long history in agriculture and has been applied to improve crop traits for thousands of years. Plant grafting has mostly relied on the natural ability of a plant for wound healing. However, the compatibility of cell-cell adhesion typically limits graft combinations to closely related species, and the mechanism by which cell-cell adhesion of injured tissues is established is largely unknown. Here, we show that a subclade of β-1,4-glucanases secreted into the extracellular region facilitates cell-cell adhesion near the graft interface. Nicotiana shows a propensity for cell-cell adhesion with a diverse range of angiosperms, including vegetables, fruit trees, and monocots, in which cell wall reconstruction was promoted in a similar manner to conventional intrafamily grafting. Using transcriptomic approaches, we identified a specific clade of β-1,4-glucanases that is upregulated during grafting in successful graft combinations but not in incompatible grafts and precedes graft adhesion in inter- and intrafamily grafts. Grafting was facilitat...Continue Reading

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Mentioned in this Paper

Tomatoes
Cell Adhesion
Extracellular
Liliopsida
Cell Secretion
Vegetables
Grafting Procedure
Species
Nicotiana
Wound Healing

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