DOI: 10.1101/469908Nov 14, 2018Paper

Cell-type-specific genomics reveals histone modification dynamics in mammalian meiosis

BioRxiv : the Preprint Server for Biology
Kwan Wood Gabriel LamR Daniel Camerini-Otero

Abstract

Meiosis is the specialized cell division during which parental genomes recombine to create genotypically unique gametes. Despite its importance, mammalian meiosis cannot be studied in vitro , greatly limiting mechanistic studies. In vivo , meiocytes progress asynchronously through meiosis and therefore the study of specific stages of meiosis is a challenge. Here, we describe a method for isolating pure sub-populations of nuclei that allows for detailed study of meiotic sub-stages. Interrogating the H3K4me3 landscape revealed dynamic chromatin transitions between sub-stages of meiotic prophase I, both at sites of genetic recombination and at gene promoters. We also leveraged this method to perform the first comprehensive, genome-wide survey of histone marks in meiotic prophase, revealing a heretofore unappreciated complexity of the epigenetic landscape at meiotic recombination hotspots. Ultimately, this study presents a straightforward, scalable framework for interrogating the complexities of mammalian meiosis.

Related Concepts

Cell Division
Cell Nucleus
Chromatin
Genome
Histones
Meiosis
Recombination, Genetic
Site
Operator gene
Ajcc Tumor Staging

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