PMID: 21128397Dec 7, 2010Paper

Cell uptake and intracellular visualization using quantum dots or nuclear localization signal-modified quantum dots with gold nanoparticles as quenchers

Journal of Nanoscience and Nanotechnology
Kai-Wei KuoYi-You Huang


Understanding and controlling the interactions between nanoscale objects and living cells is of great importance for diagnostic imaging and therapeutic applications. Quantum dots (QDs) have remarkable optical characteristics, such as uniquely feature bright, photostable, tunable and narrow fluorescence emissions, as well as broad absorption spectra. Here we report a platform of using quantum dots to investigate the cell uptake and the interactions between nanoscale objects and cells. QDs are uptaken by BHK cells easily through endocytosis. We could clearly differentiate the QDs outside the cell or inside the cell by quenching the QDs with similar sized gold nanoparticles and reduce the noise of fluorescent image. Microscopic images show that QDs are homogeneously distributed within the whole cell except the nucleus. However, unmodified QDs could not penetrate the nuclear membrane and move into the nucleus. Coupling QDs with Nuclear Localization Signal (NLS, CGGGPKKKRKVGG) can significantly enhance the translocation amount of QDs into the cell and cell nucleus. This method combined with microscopy imaging system can visualize the particle delivery routes and provide valuable information in the drug/gene delivery and tumor diagno...Continue Reading


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Related Concepts

Cell Nucleus
Nuclear Localization Signals
Quantum Dots
Metal Nanoparticles
Diagnostic Imaging
Molecular Probe Techniques

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