Cell wall composition of Hypomicrobium species.

Journal of Bacteriology
H E Jones, P Hirsch


Chemical analysis of cell walls obtained from Hyphomicrobium B-522 and from a morphologically and nutritionally distinct organism, Hyphomicrobium neptunium (ATCC 15444), showed that the organisms have a similar cell wall composition, which is typical of gram-negative bacteria. The walls of both strains contained many amino acids, including the characteristic mucopeptide components diaminopimelic acid and muramic acid. Isolation of the mucopeptide by use of sodium dodecyl sulfate was successful only with cell walls of H. neptunium, thus revealing a difference between the walls of the two strains. The mucopeptide preparation contained glucosamine, muramic acid, alanine, glutamic acid, diaminopimelic acid, and glycine in molar ratios of 1.05:1.21:1.84:1.0:1.04:0.31, respectively. The concentration of glycine was sufficiently high to suggest that it is a mucopeptide component rather than an impurity.


Apr 1, 1982·Journal of Bacteriology·J S Poindexter, J G Hagenzieker
Dec 1, 1972·Bacteriological Reviews·K H Schleifer, O Kandler
Mar 1, 1981·Microbiological Reviews·J S Poindexter

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