PMID: 46726Mar 1, 1975

Cellular and regional localization of pentobarbital-2-14C by radioautography of selected areas of mouse brain at loss and return of withdrawal response

Anesthesiology
A J SaubermannJ Hedley-Whyte

Abstract

Regional and cellular distribution of pentobarbital-14C in mouse brain was determined by frozen-section radioautographic methods. The mice were studied at the times of loss (WRL) and return (WRR) of withdrawal response following a single intravenous dose of either 40 or 50 mg/kg body weight. At WRL, grey matter areas had higher concentrations of pentobarbital-2-14C than white matter. At WRR grey matter concentrations were not altered, but white matter areas were now similar to the grey. At WRL pentobarbital concentration was 55 per cent higher in large pyramidal cells in the parietal cortex than in surrounding neuropil. At WRL hippocampal pyramidal cell bodies (stratum pyramidalis) and glial cells in corpus callosum had pentobarbital levels similar to that of surrounding neuropil. Levels in the neuropil of these three areas were higher at WRR than at WRL. Lipid-rich compartments had higher pentobarbital concentrations at WRR than at WRL. The results suggest that return of consciousness after pentobarbital anesthesia is associated with intracerebral redistribution of pentobarbital even while there is continuing uptake into brain. (Key words: Brain, pentobarbital uptake; hypnotics, barbiturates, pentobarbital; pharmacokinetics, p...Continue Reading

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