PMID: 36613May 1, 1979

Cellular energy metabolism, trans-plasma and trans-mitochondrial membrane potentials, and pH gradients in mouse neuroblastoma

Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
C DeutschI A Silver

Abstract

A method for quantitative evaluation of transmembrane electrical potential and pH gradients across a subcellular compartment in an intact cell is presented. This approach has been applied in studies of mouse neuroblastoma C-1300 clone NB41A3, in which the transmembrane electrical potential and pH gradients and the mitochondrial volume percent have been determined. Membrane potentials and pH gradients were measured by two different methods. Equilibrium distributions of [(3)H]triphenylmethyl phosphonium and [(14)C]-thiocyanate ions gave calculated apparent membrane potentials of -77.0 and -29.6 mV, respectively, at 20-25 degrees C; a value of -60.8 mV was obtained from microelectrode measurements. Equilibrium distributions of weak acids ([(14)C]trimethylacetic acid and 5,5-di[(14)C]methyl-2,4-oxazolidine-dione) and of weak bases ([(14)C]dimethylamine and [(14)C]trimethylamine) gave calculated upper and lower limits of the pH gradient (Delta pH = pH(e) - pH(i)) of -0.14 and -0.21 pH unit, respectively. The microelectrode measurements showed that the intracellular pH is within 0.1 of a pH unit or less of the extracellular pH over the extracellular pH range of 7.35-6.85. The mitochondrial volume percent calculated on the basis of th...Continue Reading

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Related Concepts

Dione
Dimethylamine
Extracellular
Energy Metabolism
Protoplasm
Resting Potentials
Potassium
Mitochondrial Membranes
Integral to Membrane
Thiocyanate Measurement

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