Jan 1, 1989

Cellular organization and development of slice cultures from rat visual cortex

Experimental Brain Research
M CaeserJ Bolz

Abstract

Slice cultures from the visual cortex of young rats were prepared using the roller culture technique (Gähwiler 1984). After 10 days in vitro the cortical cultures flattened to 1-3 cell layers, surviving for up to 12 weeks. The cultures were organotypically organized, the typical layered structure of the cortex was preserved. The neuronal composition of slice cultures was studied using intracellular staining, Golgi impregnation and GABA immunohistochemistry. Both pyramidal cells and several types of nonpyramidal cells were identified in the slice cultures. Electrophysiological recordings showed that the electrical properties of cells in culture were similar to those measured in acute slice preparations; for some cells, however, the spontaneous activity was higher. The maintained activity was strongly increased by application of the GABA antagonist bicuculline and decreased by GABA, suggesting that GABAergic inhibition is present in these preparations. We could observe the postnatal maturation of some characteristic morphological features in culture. For example, pyramidal cells in 6 day-old rats in situ have very short basal dendrites with growth-cones, and the dendrites are free of spines. After 2-3 weeks in culture growth-cone...Continue Reading

Mentioned in this Paper

Microelectrodes
Anatomical Layer
Cortex Bone Disorders
Adrenal Cortex Diseases
Immunohistochemistry
Golgi Apparatus
Protoplasm
Resting Potentials
Neurons
GABA Antagonists

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