May 1, 1976

Central action of a catechol-amide seizure-inducing agent: opposing effect on tyrosine and tryptophan hydroxylase activity in vivo

Naunyn-Schmiedeberg's Archives of Pharmacology
C Kellogg, D Dobkin

Abstract

The audiogenic seizure-inducing drug H13/04 was found to elicit opposing effects on the in vivo accumulation of 5-HTP (5-hydroxytryptophan) and DOPA (3,4-dihydroxyphenylalanine) in the brain following inhibition of L-amino acid decarboxylase. In strains of mice that normally do not exhibit audiogenic seizures, H13/04 retarded the accumulation of 5-HTP in the telencephalon, diencephalon and brainstem and enhanced the accumulation DOPA in the diencephalon and brainstem. The duration of the biochemical action of H13/04-correlated with the duration of the behavioral effect. When H13/04 is administered to strains of mice with a genetically-determined susceptibility to audiogenic seizures, but at an age when they are developing resistance to seizures, H13/04 does not alter the incidence of sound-induced seizures. The effect on the accumulation of 5-HTP and DOPA was similar to that noted in the genetically-resistant strain; a retardation of the accumulation of 5-HTP in the telencephalon and brainstem and an enhancement of DOPA accumulation in the brainstem. Since the rate of accumulation of 5-HTP and DOPA is a measure of the in vivo rates of tryptophan and tyrosine hydroxylase, respectively, the results may reflect changes in neural a...Continue Reading

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Citations

Mentioned in this Paper

Epilepsy, Reflex
Tryptophan
Amides
Entire Brainstem
Enzymes, antithrombotic
5-Hydroxytryptophan
Brain
Dopa
Indoleamine
Tryptophan 5-monooxygenase

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