PMID: 38811Jan 1, 1978

Central and peripheral interactions of the antiparkinson agent biperiden and the antihistaminic bamipin on the rat excited by pilocarpine

H Kreiskott, H P Hofmann


Excitatory reactions elicited by pilocarpine HCl (50 mg/kg i.v. in 6 s) are used for demonstrating synergistic effects of the central anticholinergic drug biperiden (Akineton) and the antihistamine bamipine (Soventol). Scratching movements of the hind legs are used as parameter for central activity, salivation for peripheral and death for toxic drug effect, respectively. The results show distinct synergistic (central) activity of drug combinations concerning the inhibition of scratching movements. On the contrary, no intensified inhibition is found with the peripheal symptom salivation bamipine rather induces an attenuation of inhibitory effects seen after hig doses of biperiden. Furthermore, the enhanced toxicity of pilocarpine caused by bamipine in a defined dosage range is antagonized by biperiden in a dose related manner. The results of the animal experiments presented are paralleled with clinical experience.

Related Concepts

Behavior, Animal
Biperiden, 1S-(1 alpha,2 alpha(R*),4 alpha)-Isomer
Drug Interactions
Antihistamines, Classical
Nervous System Structure

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