PMID: 510317Nov 1, 1979Paper

Central nervous system involvement in severe arterial hypertension of childhood

European Journal of Pediatrics
M UhariO Koskimies


The case histories of 125 children with hypertension and no apparent primary CNS disease were analyzed for neurological symptoms or complications. Eleven children had neurological symptoms of high blood pressure. In only one of these patients was the diagnosis of arterial hypertension made before the observation of the neurological findings. The symptoms were severe headache in eight children, convulsions and coma in four, hemiplegia in two, and impaired vision and apraxia in one child. Symptomatology was rapidly reversed by antihypertensive treatment in four children, while six had long-term stigmata and one child died in hypertensive crisis. Because elevated arterial pressure can cause severe neurological disease, routine blood pressure measurement in children--especially those with neurological symptomatology--is stressed.


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Related Concepts

Apraxia, Verbal
CNS Disorder
Psychogenic Coma
Vertex Headache
Hypertensive Disease
Non-epileptic Convulsion
Visual Impairment

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