PMID: 510317Nov 1, 1979Paper

Central nervous system involvement in severe arterial hypertension of childhood

European Journal of Pediatrics
M UhariO Koskimies

Abstract

The case histories of 125 children with hypertension and no apparent primary CNS disease were analyzed for neurological symptoms or complications. Eleven children had neurological symptoms of high blood pressure. In only one of these patients was the diagnosis of arterial hypertension made before the observation of the neurological findings. The symptoms were severe headache in eight children, convulsions and coma in four, hemiplegia in two, and impaired vision and apraxia in one child. Symptomatology was rapidly reversed by antihypertensive treatment in four children, while six had long-term stigmata and one child died in hypertensive crisis. Because elevated arterial pressure can cause severe neurological disease, routine blood pressure measurement in children--especially those with neurological symptomatology--is stressed.

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Citations

Nov 1, 1981·European Journal of Pediatrics·M Uhari, E Heikkinen
Jun 1, 1995·Seminars in Pediatric Neurology·J Gladstein
Dec 1, 1982·Archives of Disease in Childhood·R S TrompeterC Chantler
Jan 1, 1993·European Journal of Pediatrics·K SchärerW Rascher
Aug 9, 2003·Expert Opinion on Drug Safety·Douglas L Blowey
Mar 1, 1987·Acta paediatrica Scandinavica·M Uhari, H Rantala
Aug 4, 2005·Current Problems in Pediatric and Adolescent Health Care·Ronald J PortmanJoshua A Samuels
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Jan 1, 1982·Clinical and Experimental Hypertension. Part A, Theory and Practice·A T Hamed, M F Lokhandwala
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Dec 20, 2007·Radiation Research·A SaranC Marino

Related Concepts

Teens
Apraxia, Verbal
CNS Disorder
Psychogenic Coma
Vertex Headache
Monoplegia
Hypertensive Disease
Non-epileptic Convulsion
Visual Impairment

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