Jul 1, 1975

Cerebral and cerebellar ependymomas in children

Neurologia i neurochirurgia polska
J Wislawski, B Bondarzewska-Nawrocka

Abstract

Clinical analysis of 63 cerebral and cerebellar ependymomas in children aged up to 14 years showed that in the initial period of the disease the diagnosis based only on clinical manifestations may be difficult, before the appearance of signs of raised intracranial pressure eintraventricular or paraventricular ependymomas may cause attacks of vomiting, abdominal pains or signs of meningeal irritation. In every case with supposed brain tumour the child should be referred to a specialist since the results are better in earlier diagnosed and treated cases. Histological examination of biopsy material showed presence of 5 types of ependymonas: 1. with numerous cells (63%), 2 mixed (15%), 3 malignant (11%), 4 subependymal (4%), 5, epithelial (3%). In cases with subtotal removal of the tumour the mean survival is 12 months. After radical operation of the tumour the longest survival was 16 years.

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Mentioned in this Paper

Remission, Spontaneous
Abdominal Pain
Brain
Neoplasms
Tumor Lysis Syndrome
Meningism
Vomiting
Malignant Paraganglionic Neoplasm
Ependymoma
Subependymal

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