PMID: 37607Aug 1, 1979

Cerebral anoxia: effect of deep hypothermia and pH

Surgery
W I NorwoodA R Castaneda

Abstract

Deep hypothermic circulatory arrest facilitates repair of congenital cardiac anomalies in infants. It is known empirically that hypothermia protects against central nervous system (CNS) ischemic damage. The Q10O2 is only 2.2 for brain and thus a decrease in metabolic rate does not fully account for protective effects of hypothermia. Since enthalpy of dissociation of H2O is high (approximately 7 kcal/mole), its pH is temperature dependent (7.0 at 25 degrees C, 7.4 at 20 degrees C) and hypothermia may in part protect by its influence on hydrogen ion concentration. A manifestation of CNS susceptibility to ischemia is an obstruction of the microcirculation [no-reflow lesion (NRL)] demonstrated by infusion of carbon black into the cerebral circulation after a period of circulatory arrest. White lesions (NRL) against a gray background on cut section of brain increase in size with increasing time of arrest. The effect of anoxia versus circulatory arrest, brain temperature, and extracellular brain pH on NRL was studied in 45 mongrel dogs, subjected to varying periods of N2-induced anoxia on cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB) at 37 degrees C or 20 degrees C. In some studies jugular venous pH was adjusted by infusion of NaHCO3 or HCl. Control ...Continue Reading

Related Concepts

Brain
Vitreous Carbon
Carbon Dioxide
Cardiopulmonary Bypass
Brain Hypoxia
Cerebrovascular Circulation
Canis familiaris
Heart Arrest, Induced
Histological Techniques
Hydrogen-Ion Concentration

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