Jul 1, 1978

Cerebral arterial responses to induced hypertension following subarachnoid hemorrhage in the monkey

Journal of Neurosurgery
D P BoisvertM G Grace

Abstract

Regional cerebral blood flow (rCBF), angiographic cerebral arterial caliber, and cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) pressure were measured in rhesus monkeys to determine the effect of experimentally induced subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH) on cerebral arterial responses to graded increases in blood pressure. These measurements were also performed in a control group of monkeys subjected to a mock SAH by injection of artificial CSF into the cerebral space. Before subarachnoid injection of blood or artificial CSF, graded increases in mean arterial blood pressure (MABP) to a level 40% to 50% above baseline values had no effect on rCBF. The major cerebral arteries constricted and CSF pressure remained unchanged. Similar responses were observed after injections of artificial CSF. When MABP was increased in animals that had been subjected to subarachnoid injection of blood, rCBF increased and was associated with dilatation of the major cerebral arteries and moderate increases in CSF pressure. These results demonstrate that cerebral arterial responses to increases in blood pressure may be abnormal in the presence of subarachnoid blood. The manner in which abnormal cerebral arterial reactivity, changes in blood pressure, and vasospasm combine to de...Continue Reading

  • References22
  • Citations31

References

  • References22
  • Citations31

Citations

Mentioned in this Paper

Cerebral Blood Flow Imaging
Subarachnoid Hemorrhage, Spontaneous
Vasomotor System
Diastolic Blood Pressure
Brain
Pathological Dilatation
Vasospasm
Cerebrospinal Fluid
Cercopithecidae
Platyrrhini

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