PMID: 11772474Jan 5, 2002

Cerebral blood flow pulsatility deficits in HIV+ poly substance abusers: differences associated with antiviral medications

Drug and Alcohol Dependence
Ronald I HerningJean L Cadet

Abstract

This study examines the influence of HIV-seropositivity and antiviral medications on cerebral blood flow in cocaine abusers. Forty-five HIV negative (HIV-) cocaine abusers, 36 HIV positive (HIV+) cocaine abusers (CD4; mean 378, +/-229) and 27 control HIV- subjects were studied. Blood flow velocity and pulsatility were determined for the anterior and middle cerebral arteries using transcranial Doppler sonography (TCD). Psychological assessments, which included the psychiatric symptom checklist (SCL-90R), hopelessness (Beck) and well-being (Ellison) questionnaires revealed greater psychiatric distress in HIV+ cocaine abusers than the other groups. HIV- cocaine abusers and HIV+ cocaine abusers not receiving antiviral medications (n=25 of 36) had elevated pulsatility values, indicating increased resistance in the cerebral blood vessels in comparison to control subjects. HIV+ cocaine abusers using antiviral medications (n=11 of 36) had pulsatility values similar to HIV- control subjects. Interestingly, there was no significant relationship between intensity of psychiatric distress reported by HIV+ cocaine abusers and perfusion deficits. Our findings suggest that unmedicated HIV+ cocaine abusers have cerebrovascular deficits, which a...Continue Reading

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Citations

Mar 12, 2003·Neuropsychopharmacology : Official Publication of the American College of Neuropsychopharmacology·Ronald I HerningJean L Cadet

Related Concepts

Antiviral Agents
Brain
Cerebrovascular Circulation
Cerebrovascular Occlusion
Involutional Paraphrenia
Echoencephalography
Pulse Rate
HIV Seropositivity
Ultrasonography, Doppler, Transcranial
Substance-Related Disorders

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