Jun 30, 2015

Cerebral Microbleeds and White Matter Hyperintensities in Cognitively Healthy Elderly: A Cross-Sectional Cohort Study Evaluating the Effect of Arterial Stiffness

Cerebrovascular Diseases Extra
Anna-Märta GustavssonKatarina Nägga

Abstract

Arterial stiffness reflects the ageing processes in the vascular system, and studies have shown an association between reduced cognitive function and cerebral small vessel disease. Small vessel disease can be visualized as white matter hyperintensities (WMH) and lacunar infarcts but also as cerebral microbleeds on brain magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). We aimed to investigate if arterial stiffness influences the presence of microbleeds, WMH and cognitive function in a population of cognitively healthy elderly. The study population is part of the Swedish BioFinder study and consisted of 208 individuals without any symptoms of cognitive impairment, who scored >27 points on the Mini-Mental State Examination. The participants (mean age, 72 years; 59% women) underwent MRI of the brain with visual rating of microbleeds and WMH. Arterial stiffness was measured with carotid-femoral pulse wave velocity (cfPWV). Eight cognitive tests covering different cognitive domains were performed. Microbleeds were detected in 12% and WMH in 31% of the participants. Mean (±standard deviation, SD) cfPWV was 10.0 (±2.0) m/s. There was no association between the presence of microbleeds and arterial stiffness. There was a positive association between ar...Continue Reading

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Mentioned in this Paper

Mini-mental State Examination
Study
Sarcosine/Dimethylglycine N-methyltransferase Activity
Cerebral Amyloid Angiopathy
Magnetic Resonance Imaging
Ankle
Ankle Joint Structure
Longitudinal Studies
Inversion Mutation Abnormality
Blood Vessel

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