Oct 10, 2019

CHALLENGES TO ANIMAL WELFARE ASSOCIATED WITH CAPTURE AND LONG ROAD TRANSPORT IN BOMA-ADAPTED BLACK (DICEROS BICORNIS ) AND SEMI-CAPTIVE WHITE (CERATOTHERIUM SIMUM SIMUM ) RHINOCEROSES

Journal of Wildlife Diseases
Friederike PohlinLeith C R Meyer

Abstract

Capture and transport are part of translocation and expose animals to a variety of stressors that can lead to morbidity and mortality. We aimed to establish a better understanding of the physiologic responses to capture and transport in black (Diceros bicornis) and white (Ceratotherium simum simum) rhinoceroses in Southern Africa. Fourteen adult black rhinoceroses were transported 600 km by vehicle and 32 white rhinoceroses (24 adults and 8 juveniles) were transported 1,300 km by vehicle. The black rhinoceroses had been wild-caught and boma-adapted over 6 wk prior to the translocation and were only sedated to allow for loading into the transport crates. The white rhinoceroses originated from a game farm and were chemically immobilized from a helicopter and then loaded. Paired blood samples were collected from animals at loading (capture) and after transport and evaluated for changes in clinical chemistry analytes, acute phase reactants, and oxidative stress biomarkers. The Wilcoxon rank sum test was used to compare changes in measured analytes from capture and after transport. All rhinoceroses survived capture and transport. Rhinoceroses experienced total body water loss, mobilization of energy reserves, and muscular damage. Al...Continue Reading

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Mentioned in this Paper

Biological Markers
Biological Adaptation to Stress
Cell Injury
Diceros bicornis
Oxidative Stress
Administration Procedure
Evaluation
African American
Nuclear Translocation
Adaptation

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