PMID: 9805912Nov 7, 1998

Changes in atrial natriuretic peptide and pulmonary hemodynamics induced by exercise in patients with chronic pulmonary emphysema

Nihon Kokyūki Gakkai zasshi = the journal of the Japanese Respiratory Society
A TakedaK Tobise


We studied the changes in pulmonary hemodynamics induced by arm-stretching exercise in 12 patients with chronic pulmonary emphysema (CPE) and 9 control subjects (Controls). Both patients and control subjects underwent right heart catheterization with inspired gas analysis at rest and during exercise for the 6 minute-exercise test. Mean pulmonary arterial pressure (mPAP) in patients with CPE significantly increased from 18.5 +/- 3.9 mmHg at rest to 25.7 +/- 5.1 mmHg during exercise without decreased oxygen tension of the arterial blood. Both mPAP and total pulmonary resistance increased in proportion to the increases in cardiac output. Mixed venous plasma atrial natriuretic peptide (ANP) was significantly evaluated during exercise in patients with CPE, but did not in Controls. There were a significantly positive relationships between ANP and mPAP, and a significantly negative relationships between ANP and PvO2 during exercise. These results suggest that pulmonary hypertension during light exercise in cases of CPE may be caused by deterioration of the pulmonary capillary bed, and that ANP may be a useful indicator for evaluating pulmonary hypertension in patients with CPE.

Related Concepts

Atrial Natriuretic Factor Precursors
Pulmonary Circulation
Focal Emphysema
Exercise, Isometric

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