Sep 1, 1986

Changes in cartilage proteoglycans associated with calcification

Calcified Tissue International
R D Campo, J E Romano

Abstract

The purposes of these experiments were to study the biosynthetic and postbiosynthetic relationships between proteoglycans in noncalcified growth cartilage and calcified cartilage in metaphysis from the costochondral junctions of immature rabbits. Based on in vivo experiments in which 35 S-sodium sulfate was injected into rabbits, it is shown that proteoglycans from the hypertrophic region becomes part of the calcified cartilage matrix which is to be incorporated into the metaphysis. The proteoglycan aggregates in the growth apparatus undergo partial disaggregation and degradation. There is approximately a 25% decrease in aggregation from regions of the rib distal to the metaphyseal-growth plate junction (69%) to the region proximal to it (50%). In contrast, in their final state in calcified cartilage, the proteoglycans are more completely disaggregated and the proteoglycans subunits are smaller, as adjudged from gel chromatography. Control experiments indicate that although some artifactual disaggregation is produced by the extraction process, it is not of the same magnitude as that seen in the actual isolation experiments nor are the subunits reduced in size.

  • References14
  • Citations34

Mentioned in this Paper

Metaphysis
Sodium sulfate
Guanidine Sulfite (1: 1)
Proteoglycan
Hypertrophic Cardiomyopathy
Aggregation
Hypertrophy
MATN1
Hypertrophic Disorder of Skin, Unspecified
Epiphysis of Bone

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