Changes in cell wall polysaccharides associated with growth.

Plant Physiology
D J NevinsP Albersheim

Abstract

Changes in the polysaccharide composition of Phaseolus vulgaris, P. aureus, and Zea mays cell walls were studied during the first 28 days of seedling development using a gas chromatographic method for the analysis of neutral sugars. Acid hydrolysis of cell wall material from young tissues liberates rhamnose, fucose, arabinose, xylose, mannose, galactose, and glucose which collectively can account for as much as 70% of the dry weight of the wall. Mature walls in fully expanded tissues of these same plants contain less of these constituents (10%-20% of dry wt). Gross differences are observed between developmental patterns of the cell wall in the various parts of a seedling, such as root, stem, and leaf. The general patterns of wall polysaccharide composition change, however, are similar for analogous organs among the varieties of a species. Small but significant differences in the rates of change in sugar composition were detected between varieties of the same species which exhibited different growth patterns. The cell walls of species which are further removed phylogenetically exhibit even more dissimilar developmental patterns. The results demonstrate the dynamic nature of the cell wall during growth as well as the quantitative...Continue Reading

References

Aug 1, 1957·Canadian Journal of Microbiology·C F VAN SUMEREG A LEDINGHAM
Jul 1, 1967·Plant Physiology·D J NevinsP Albersheim
Jul 1, 1967·Plant Physiology·S H LeeR S Bandurski

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Citations

Sep 1, 1970·Plant Physiology·D J Nevins
May 1, 1974·Plant Physiology·J M Labavitch, P M Ray
Jul 1, 1975·Plant Physiology·A K Murray, R S Bandurski
Jul 19, 2012·Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture·Eduardo Gutiérrez-RodríguezMarita I Cantwell
Jan 14, 2010·Prikladnaia biokhimiia i mikrobiologiia·E A Giunter, Iu S Ovodov
May 1, 1994·The New Phytologist·Jeremy Pritchard
Jan 26, 1971·Biochimica Et Biophysica Acta·T H Liao, G A Barber
Jul 13, 1972·Biochimica Et Biophysica Acta·T H Liao, G A Barber

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