Jan 1, 1975

Changes in contractility and calcium binding of guinea pig taenia coli by treatment with enzymes which hydrolyze sialic acid

The Japanese Journal of Physiology
Y IshiyamaE Miyazaki

Abstract

The effects of neuraminidase and phospholipase C on the contractility and the Ca++ -binding of guinea pig taenia coli were investigated. Potassium contracture or histamine-induced contracture of taenia coli was inhibited by treatment with neuraminidase, though acetylcholine-induced contracture was not. Treatment with phospholipase C markedly inhibited the contracture induced by isotonic potassium, histamine or acetylcholine. By treatment with neuraminidase for 4 hr, about 40 mumol/100 mg wer wt of sialic acid was released from taenia coli. This corresponded to two-fifths of total content of sialic acid. By treatment with phospholipase C for 2 hr, a similar amount of sialic acid to that produced by neuraminidase treatment was released. The Scarchard plot of Ca++-binding was a biphasic pattern indicating the presence of two types ofthe Ca++ -binding site with different affinity constants. Neuraminidase produced a 57% decrease in the amount of bound Ca++. The Scatchard plot of Ca++ -binding changed to a monophasic pattern indicating the disapperance of thel ow affinity Ca++ -binding site. Phospholipase C caused a 59% decrease of bound Ca++. The Scatchard plot also indicated the disappearance of the low affinity Ca++ -binding site....Continue Reading

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Mentioned in this Paper

Taenia Coli
Calcium
Smooth Muscle
Neuraminidase
Antihistamines, Classical
PLCB1
Inotropism
Sialic Acids
Acetylcholine Sulfate (1: 1)
Phospholipase

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