Changes in extracellular calcium within the physiological range influence receptor-mediated inositol phosphate responses in brain and tracheal smooth muscle slices

Naunyn-Schmiedeberg's Archives of Pharmacology
J G BairdS R Nahorski


The effect of changes in extracellular calcium concentration ([Ca2+]e) on the incorporation of myo-[2-3H]-inositol into phosphoinositides and agonist-stimulated 3H-inositol phosphates (3H-InsPs) was examined in rat cerebral cortex and bovine tracheal smooth muscle slices. In brain slices, reduction in [Ca2+]e from 2.4 to 1.2 mmol/l resulted in an approximate doubling of the carbachol and noradrenaline-stimulated 3H-InsP response with no effect on the EC50 values. An identical effect of varying [Ca2+]e was observed for carbachol-stimulated 3H-InsP formation in tracheal smooth muscle with a further increase in 3H-InsPs evident at [Ca2+]e 0.6 mmol/l. In this tissue the effect of changes in [Ca2+]e on the incorporation of myo-[2-3H]-inositol into the total phosphoinositide pool directly paralleled the changes in 3H-InsPs except in conditions of no added calcium when 3H-InsP responses were markedly impaired. Additional studies in brain slices using buffer where the added calcium varied between 0 and 2.4 mmol/l, showed that both the carbachol stimulated formation of separate inositol phosphates during short incubation periods and incorporation of myo-[2-3H]-inositol into PtdInsP and PtdInsP2 under basal conditions was maximal at [Ca2...Continue Reading


Jun 1, 1995·Pharmacology & Therapeutics·R LeursH Timmerman
Aug 12, 1999·Clinical and Experimental Allergy : Journal of the British Society for Allergy and Clinical Immunology·M J SmitR Leurs
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