Oct 1, 1987

Changes in proteoglycan aggregates during cartilage mineralization

Calcified Tissue International
J A BuckwalterR Ungar

Abstract

The dimensions of proteoglycan aggregates, aggregated monomers, and nonaggregated monomers, and the proportion of aggregated monomers found in the different zones of bovine rib growth plate have been defined by the electron microscopic monolayer technique. Growth plates were divided into the following 1 mm thick transverse slices; the hypertrophic zone, the lower proliferative zone, the upper proliferative zone, a transitional zone, and epiphyseal cartilage. Proteoglycans prepared by associative extraction followed by equilibrium density gradient centrifugation under associative conditions were examined by electron microscopy. Proteoglycan aggregate size decreased sharply in the lower proliferative and hypertrophic zones, as indicated by decreases in hyaluronate filament length and in the number of monomers per aggregate. Aggregated proteoglycan monomers did not show evidence of proteolytic degradation. Nonaggregated monomers were shorter than aggregated monomers, but their mean length did not decrease in the lower proliferative and hypertrophic zones. However, the proportion of nonaggregated monomers increased in these zones. Thus, before the cartilage matrix mineralized in the lower proliferative zone and as the cartilage mat...Continue Reading

  • References23
  • Citations49

References

  • References23
  • Citations49

Citations

Mentioned in this Paper

Bone Structure of Rib
Hypertrophic Cardiomyopathy
MATN1
Electron Microscopy
Jet Lag Syndrome
Minerals
Bos indicus
Osteogenesis
Luronit
Epiphysial Cartilage

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